ARES – In the United States and Canada, the Amateur Radio Emergency Service is a corps of trained amateur radio operator volunteers organized to assist in public service and emergency communications. It is organized and sponsored by the American Radio Relay League and the Radio Amateurs of Canada.

ARRL – The American Radio Relay League is the largest membership association of amateur radio enthusiasts in the USA. ARRL is a non-profit organization and represents the interests of amateur radio operators before federal regulatory bodies, provides technical advice and assistance to amateur radio enthusiasts, supports a number of educational programs and sponsors emergency communications service throughout the country.

CERT – The Community Emergency Response Team program educates volunteers about disaster preparedness for the hazards that may impact their area and trains them in basic disaster response skills, such as fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization, and disaster medical operations. 

EC – Emergency Coordinator – The EC maintains full responsibility for organizing the local groups and serving as their leader during operations

EOC – Emergency Operations Center – The EOC provides a single, recognizable focal point for emergency or disaster management. During a disaster, the EOC would be activated and representatives from Emergency Management and other disciplines involved such as fire services, hospitals and many others, assemble in the EOC. In Newaygo County, the EOC is located at 306 S. North St, White Cloud, Michigan.

MRC – The Medical Reserve Corps (MRC) is a national network of volunteers, organized locally to improve the health and safety of their communities. MRC volunteers include medical and public health professionals, as well as other community members without healthcare backgrounds. MRC units engage these volunteers to strengthen public health, improve emergency response capabilities and build community resiliency.

RACESRadio Amateur Civil Emergency Service is a standby radio service provided for in Part 97.407 of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules and regulations governing amateur radio in the United States.